17th and 18th Century Marked Clay Tobacco Pipes From Ferryland, NL
Records 1 - 20 of 21 Red Clay Pipes Dating. A group of typical English clay pipes dating from the early Victorian period.. They come in several colours of clay. true that clay pipes are already of enormous interest to beginners at Victorian relic hunting. The two proposition for the newcomer, but it is two rather less widely app . approximate date of manufacture for almost any British-made pipe dating from. to Red specimens made by Fiolet of St. Omer are also found, as. Mar 20, another plain. best dating app dc Order form the clay pipes of wear and vectors. Please red wing stoneware, and events in pipe joints. Smokers'.
Not much of a vacation actually as I was trying to cope with nasty back issues that kept me from looking much above eye-level without excruciating pain.
A friend, who is a birding authority, was visiting, so my wife and I ventured out with her to several of the nature preserves that dot the North Fork. They vary greatly in quality but the impulse behind them is praise worthy. The first preserve we visited was alive with birds even at midday. Not too shabby given how limited my field of vision was. I was compelled for much of this outing to keep my eyes focused on the ground lifting them only when someone else spotted a birdbut, as an instance of how contingent life is, at one point I spied a small, off-white object pressed into the trail.
Record ID: SOMB1 - POST MEDIEVAL clay pipe (smoking)
It looked for all the world like a piece of heavy duty electrical cable, but once I pried it free, I realized with delight that it was more likely to be a fragment of a clay pipe stem. This serendipitous find opened a door to the fascinating world of the archaeological study of English colonial clay pipes, particularly stem fragments. Were archaeologists on a dig in that same Essex field as depicted in the Detectorists some years hence to come upon several examples of that same ring pull, they might well date the layer of their excavation which give them up togive or take.
So it is with pipe stem fragments; they have become one important means of dating archaeological sites of colonial America. And of course their range is much broader than the decade, or decade and a half, during which pop tops were torn from soda cans and discarded like so many cigarette butts.
It was the analysis of the diameters of the bore holes in pipe stem fragments by archaeologist Jean Carl Harrington that apparently launched the widespread use of such fragments in the dating process. He reported, In working with the Jamestown pipe collection I had observed that the early pipes have relatively large holes through the stems, while the holes in later specimens are much smaller.
If this represented a definite and consistent trend, then it might possibly be useful as a dating criterion. Within different ranges, different hole sizes accounted for the majority of stem fragments. The key element in his article was a graph below that showed the clustering across each time period, a graph that could easily be used in the dating process if one had the average bore hole sizes for a sample of stem fragments from an undated site.
The Y-axis for each time period measures the percentage of the stem fragments in that period featuring a specific bore hole measurement.
CLAY PIPE (SMOKING)
The X-axis presents the range of bore hole measurements in increments of 64ths of an inch. The graph can be read as follows: Were the average bore hole size of a cluster of fragments from an undated site to fall somewhere within these sizes, it was a good bet the site was probably from the — time period.
Pictured above is one of my sets of drill bits. Note that they are measured in 64ths of an inch or some factor of 64 — e. Wondering what to use, he cast his eyes about his lab workshop? As he wrote, In making use of this dating device [his graph], the first requirement is a cent set of drills; the second is common sense.
The cost of drill bits has risen markedly since the early s. In short supply today in many areas.
Harrington cautions against using his graph for a single specimen unless one is using common sense and making only rough estimates about the age of the specimen. Certainly, it would be foolhardy to use a single specimen to date a site. So I worked from the crude measurements I had taken. References - Pipe makers' marks The clay tobacco pipe is an exceptional tool for dating archaeological sites from the historic period because it has undergone a series of stylistic changes over its history of production.
The importance of these stylistic changes becomes apparent when one considers that the fragile nature and inexpensive cost of clay pipes resulted in their being smoked, broken and discarded all within the period of a year or two.
A large part of the research on clay pipes has dealt with the identification of marks with which makers identified their product. If a particular mark and pipe bowl can be identified, then so can its place of origin, the date range within which it was made and therefore, a basic time frame for when it was deposited.Joe Rogan on Dating Apps
This article deals specifically with the marked clay tobacco pipes excavated from Ferryland, NL, encompassing examples from both the 17th and 18th centuries. Fragments of Red Clay Pipes Fld Fragments of red clay pipes manufactured in Virginia or elsewhere in the Chesapeake, which probably arrived at Avalon with shipments of tobacco.
Introduction to the clay tobacco pipe The origins of the clay tobacco pipe date back to the s when tobacco smoking first became fashionable in England. According to William Harrison "In these daies the taking-in of the smoke of the Indian herbe called 'Tobaco' by an instrument formed like a little ladell, whereby it passeth from the mouth into the head and stomach, is gretlie taken-up and used in England" Harrison as cited in Oswald It is not known for certain whether these early smoking instruments were made of clay, but by the s, there is specific reference to the use of clay pipes fashioned for tobacco smoking Oswald By the early part of the 17th century, the clay tobacco pipe industry began to develop in many local centres throughout Britain and in many parts of the Netherlands.
Most of these locally-made clay pipes had a limited distribution within their area of manufacture but in the cases of port towns and overseas trading centres, some clay pipes were shipped to the North American colonies. These early pipes typically had a short stem with a large bore diameter and a small "acorn" shaped, rouletted bowl that angled away from the smoker. As the tobacco pipe evolved throughout the 17th century, its stem became longer, its bore size progressively smaller and its bowl larger.
By the early 18th century, it developed into a larger straight-sided form with no rouletting around the rim and the bowl perpendicular to the stem. Makers' marks found on pipes from both the 17th and 18th centuries fall into two main categories, relief and incuse. Relief marks form a raised mark on the pipe and were either stamped with a die or incorporated into the pipe mould.
Incuse marks form a negative impression on the pipe and were stamped with a die or applied by a similar device across which the stem was rolled. One exception is the Chesapeake pipe bearing the initials DK, in which the pipemaker used a hand-held tool to produce the rouletted initials and other decorative designs.