BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Turin shroud 'older than thought'
PDF | Very small samples from the Shroud of Turin have been dated by Article ( PDF Available) in Nature () · January with 2, Reads. Very small samples from the Shroud of Turin have been dated by accelerator Radiocarbon dating of the Shroud of Turin. Nature. ;() and the status at that time of the project to radiocarbon date the Turin shroud. Of the three . The problem is that chlorine is not a natural component of flax and, if .
In the end, a compromise solution was reached with the so-called "Turin protocol",   which stated that: The sole supervising institution would be the British Museum, headed by Michael Tite. These deviations were heavily criticized. Shredding the samples would not solve the problem, while making it much more difficult and wasteful to clean the samples properly. However, in a paper Gove conceded that the "arguments often raised, … that radiocarbon measurements on the shroud should be performed blind seem to the author to be lacking in merit; … lack of blindness in the measurements is a rather insubstantial reason for disbelieving the result.
We are faced with actual blackmail: Among the most obvious differences between the final version of the protocol and the previous ones stands the decision to sample from a single location on the cloth. Testore performed the weighting operations while Riggi made the actual cut.
Also present were Cardinal Ballestrero, four priests, archdiocese spokesperson Luigi Gonella, photographers, a camera operator, Michael Tite of the British Museum, and the labs' representatives.
An outer strip showing coloured filaments of uncertain origin was discarded.
The other half was cut into three segments, and packaged for the labs in a separate room by Tite and the archbishop. The lab representatives were not present at this packaging process, in accordance with the protocol.
Radiocarbon dating of the Shroud of Turin - Wikipedia
The labs were also each given three control samples one more than originally intendedthat were: Official announcement[ edit ] In a well-attended press conference on October 13, Cardinal Ballestrero announced the official results, i. The official and complete report on the experiment was published in Nature.
Colonetti', Turin, "confirmed that the results of the three laboratories were mutually compatible, and that, on the evidence submitted, none of the mean results was questionable. Since the C14 dating at least four articles have been published in scholarly sources contending that the samples used for the dating test may not have been representative of the whole shroud.
Rogers took 32 documented adhesive-tape samples from all areas of the shroud and associated textiles during the STURP process in On 12 DecemberRogers received samples of both warp and weft threads that Luigi Gonella claimed to have taken from the radiocarbon sample before it was distributed for dating. The actual provenance of these threads is uncertain, as Gonella was not authorized to take or retain genuine shroud material,  but Gonella told Rogers that he excised the threads from the center of the radiocarbon sample.
He stated that his analysis showed: The main part of the shroud does not contain these materials. Based on this comparison Rogers concluded that the undocumented threads received from Gonella did not match the main body of the shroud, and that in his opinion: It may not have taken us long to identify the strange material, but it was unique amongst the many and varied jobs we undertake. She has rejected the theory of the "invisible reweaving", pointing out that it would be technically impossible to perform such a repair without leaving traces, and that she found no such traces in her study of the shroud.
Gove helped to invent radiocarbon dating and was closely involved in setting up the shroud dating project. He also attended the actual dating process at the University of Arizona. This is part 1 of my concluding summary of the evidence that the radiocarbon dating of the Shroud of Turin as "mediaeval AD " [ 2 ] was the result of a computer hacking, allegedly by Arizona radiocarbon dating laboratory physicist Timothy W. I will list the main headings as bullet-points, linking them back to my previous "My theory AD ' was the result of a computer hacking.
Between May and August [ 5 ], three radiocarbon dating laboratories at universities in ArizonaZurich and Oxfordall using the same new Accelerator Mass spectrometry AMS method[ 6 ], radiocarbon dated samples that had been cut from the Shroud on 21 April [ 7 ]. At a press conference in the British Museum, on 13 Octoberfollowing leaks that the Shroud had been dated ""[ 8 ], Prof.
Radiocarbon Dating of the Shroud of Turin
In February the scientific journal Nature reported: The results provide conclusive evidence that the linen of the Shroud of Turin is mediaeval Signatories to the paper included: Yet the evidence as a whole is overwhelming that the Shroud is authentic [ 12 ]. There is abundant historical and artistic evidence that the Shroud existed well before the earliest radiocarbon date of [ 13 ] and indeed all [Left enlarge: The Hungarian Pray Codex [ 14 ] which has at least "eight telling correspondences" with the Shroud[ 15 ], yet is dated [ 16 ], and so is least 65 years before and years before !
So strong is this evidence that even Prof. Christopher Bronk RamseyDirector of the Oxford radiocarbon dating laboratory, and a signatory as " C.
Bronk " to the Nature paper, has admitted: At the above British Museum press conference, "those on the platform collectively insisted This was confirmed by Prof. Harry Govethe unofficial leader of the Shroud radiocarbon dating project[ 20 ], who pointed out that the statistical probability of the Shroud having a radiocarbon date between andyet it's actual date being first century, is "about one in a thousand trillion" my emphasis [ 21 ].
Which is about the length of the Ninety Mile Beach in Victoria, Australia, only a part of which is shown right [ 24 ]. Therefore the radiocarbon dating of the Shroud as " "[ 25 ] has effectively no chance of being correct, given that the Shroud is authentic see aboveand therefore first century.
Radiocarbon dating of the Shroud of Turin
Hall stated it was "totally impossible" his emphasis that the Shroud could have a radiocarbon date ofyet its actual date was "AD " or less[ 26 ]. In fact Arizona laboratory still has an undated part of its Shroud sample as it came from Turin, and it has "no evidence for either coatings or dyes, and only minor contamin-ants"[ 28 ]. See photomicro-graph [Left enlarge and " Weave: Twill "] taken by pro-authenticist Barrie Schwortz inof Arizona laboratory's remaining undated part of its Shroud sample[ 29 ].
Similarly, Benford and Marino 's invisible reweaving repair theory requires that the repair be "approximately 60 percent of the C sample consisting of 16th century threads while approximately 40 percent were 1st century in origin"[ 30 ].Shroud Turin 5 minutes explained debunked carbon dating holographic 3-d image cellular radiation
Oxford laboratory did find some old cotton threads in their sample, but they were only "two or three fibres"[ 31 ]. Hall estimated that it would require "65 per cent of the mass of the shroud But as can be seen, the wrinkles in the Shroud near the radiocarbon dating sample area see here are the same green colour. And as Benford and Marino admitted, "it is possible that the Quad Mosaic's chemical-color signature But "carbon" includes all contamination with younger carbon, not only cotton.
And since the wrinkles in the Shroud in the sample area are the same green colour, it is likely that both are the result of ordinary contamination by carbon-containing grime, sweat, oils, etc. Particularly since this corner is one of the most contaminated parts of the Shroud, it being one of the corners from which the cloth was held by "hundreds of sweaty hands" at Shroud expositions down through the centuries 10 1 [ 36 ].