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Make nikon d shutter speed date a no. Speed dating nikon or Ever wonder what the dating nikon f3 digit code in the film cartridge. In manual operation. mawatari.info is the official Nikon online shop in Australia managed and operated by Nikon Australia Pty Ltd. This site is intended for use by . Nikon's new Z 7 and Z 6 full-frame mirrorless cameras gather more light with the large new Z mount, which means more detail and more speed when taking.
It was produced until Praktica was the camera, which could be sold outside DDR and bring foreign currency to the country. The removable pentaprism could be swapped for a waistlevel viewfinder with a pop up magnifier.
The lens mount was the same screw thread as the Praktica. Its first model, the Asahiflex I, existed in prototype form in and production inmaking it the first Japanese-built 35mm SLR. Previously, the mirror would remain up and the viewfinder black until the shutter was cocked for the next shot. Asahi starting with the Asahi Pentax and many other camera makers used the M42 lens mount from the Contax S, which came to be called the Pentax screw mount.
Pentax is now part of the Ricoh Corporation. The camera was narrowly the first Japanese-made pentaprism 35mm SLR. It featured a removable pentaprism for eye-level viewing, that could be removed for use as a waist-level finder. Zunow[ edit ] The Zunow SLR, which went on sale in in Japan onlywas the first 35mm SLR camera with an automatic diaphragm, which stopped down to the preselected aperture upon release of the shutter.
Although this invention had been anticipated by the Praktina FX-A which featured a semi-automatic diaphragm, which stopped down automatically, but had to be opened manually after the exposure. General operation of a 35 mm SLR[ edit ] A photographer using an SLR would view and focus with the lens diaphragm aperture fully open; he then had to adjust the aperture just before taking the picture. Some lenses had manual diaphragms—the photographer had to take the camera down from his eye and look at the aperture ring to set it.
A "pre-set" diaphragm had two aperture rings next to each other: Turning the second ring all the way clockwise gave full aperture; turn it all the way counterclockwise gave the preset shooting aperture, speeding up the process.
Such lenses were commonly made into the s. A lens with an "automatic" diaphragm allows the photographer to forget about closing the diaphragm to shooting aperture; such diaphragms have been taken for granted for decades. Usually this means a pin or lever on the back of the lens is pushed or released by a part of the shutter release mechanism in the camera body; the external automatic diaphragms on lenses for Exakta and Miranda cameras were the exception to that.
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Some lenses had "semi-automatic" diaphragms that closed to shooting aperture like an automatic diaphragm but had to be re-opened manually with a flip of a ring on the lens. Standardization of designs[ edit ] In the following 30 years the vast majority of SLRs standardized the layout of the controls. The film was transported from left to right, so the rewind crank was on the left, followed in order by the pentaprism, shutter speed dial, shutter release and the film advance lever, which in some cameras was ratcheted so that multiple strokes could be used to advance the film.
Some cameras, such as Nikon's Nikkormat FT cameras marketed under the brand-name 'Nikormat' in European countries and elsewhere and some models of Olympus OM seriesdeviated from this layout by placing the shutter speed control as a ring around the lens mount.
Miranda Camera Company[ edit ] Miranda produced early SLRs in the s which were initially manufactured with external auto-diaphragms, then added a second mount with internal auto-diaphragm.
To list some of Miranda's cameras with external diaphragm, there was the Miranda Sensorex line. The internal auto-diaphragm Miranda cameras consisted of the Miranda 'D', the popular Miranda 'F', the 'FV' and the 'G' model, which had a larger than normal reflex mirror thereby eliminating viewfinder image vignetting when the camera was used with long telephoto lenses.
Miranda cameras were known in some photographic discussions as 'the poor man's Nikon'.
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Periflex[ edit ] One unique brand of cameras was the Corfield Periflex made by K. Corfield Ltd in England. Three models were produced from all of which used a retractable periscope inserted into the light path for focussing through the single lens. Pressing the shutter release moved the spring-loaded periscope out of the film path before the focal-plane shutter operated Minolta[ edit ] Minolta 's first SLR, the SR-2was introduced to the export market in the same year in fact, at the same Philadelphia show as the Canon and Nikon products but had been on sale in Japan since August Lenses started with the designation 'Rokkor'.
Was taken over in by Konica, to form 'Konica-Minolta'. Konica-Minolta sold its imaging division to Sony in January This and other auto Nikkor lenses standardized mostly on the 52mm front filter thread while some other large lenses used a large 72mm filter thread-size.
Nikon's 'F' modelintroduced in April as the world's first system camera if the commercially unsuccessful Praktina is not consideredbecame enormously successful and was the camera design that demonstrated the superiority of the SLR and of the Japanese camera manufacturers. After the introduction of the Nikon F, the more expensive rangefinder cameras those with focal plane shutters became less attractive.
It was a combination of design elements that made the Nikon F successful. It featured interchangeable prisms and focusing screens; the camera had a depth-of-field preview button; the mirror had lock-up capability; it featured a large bayonet mount and a large lens release button; a single-stroke ratcheted film advance lever; a titanium-foil focal plane shutter; various types of flash synchronization; a rapid rewind lever; a fully removable back.
Instead of the M42 screw mount used by Pentax and other camera manufacturers, Nikon had introduced the three-claw F-mount bayonet lens mount system, which is still current in a modified form today. The F was also a modular camera, in which various assemblies such as the pentaprisms, the focusing screens, the special 35mm roll film exposure film back and the Speed Magny film backs two models: These could be fitted and removed, allowing the camera to adapt to almost any particular task.
Nikon was also among the first to introduce what is commonly known today as 'mirror lenses' — lenses with Catadioptric system designs, which allowed the light path to be folded and thus yielded lens designs that were more compact than the standard telephoto designs.Je suis ta dernière chance - Nikon Film Festival
Subsequent top-of-the-line Nikon models carried on the F series, which has as of [update] reached the F6 although this camera has a fixed pentaprism. With the introduction and continued improvements being made in digital photography, the Nikon F6 is likely to be the last of the flagship Nikon F-line film SLRs. The camera featured a quick return mirror, an automatic diaphragm and was introduced with an interchangeable black pentaprism housing.
It also featured newly developed 'R' series breech lock mount lenses. This model was also superseded by the Canonflex RM. InFL series lenses were introduced along with a new camera body, the Canon FX, which had a built-in CdS light meter positioned on the front left side of the camera, a design which appeared much like the Minolta SR The design considerations used were unusual.
These half-frame cameras were also exceptional in that all used a rotary shutterrather than the traditional horizontally travelling focal-plane shutter commonly used in other SLR camera designs. The camera was produced with various interchangeable lenses. Only the Pentax Auto was smaller, but the Pentax system was of much more limited range in terms of lenses and accessories.
The introduction of light metering[ edit ] Professional Photographers of the s and s time-period preferred to use hand-held meters such as the Weston or GE selenium cell light meters, and others which were common during these periods.
These hand-held meters did not require any batteries and provided good analog readouts of shutter speeds, apertures, ASA now referred to as 'ISO' and EV exposure value. Selenium cells, however, could easily be judged for their light sensitivity by simply looking at the size of the cell's metering surface.
A small surface meant it lacked low-light sensitivity. These would prove to be useless for in-camera light metering. Built-in light metering with SLRs started with clip-on selenium cells meters. One such meter was made for the Nikon F which coupled to the shutter speed dial and the aperture ring. While the selenium cell area was big, the add-on made the camera look clumsy and unattractive. CdS light meters proved more sensitive to light and thus metering in available light situations was becoming more prominent and useful.
Further advances in CdS sensitivity, however, were needed as CdS cells suffered from a 'memory effect'. That is, if exposed to bright sunlight, the cell would require many minutes to return to normal operation and sensitivity.
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Through-the-lens metering[ edit ] Through-the-lens metering measures the light that comes through the camera lens, thus eliminating much of the potential for error inherent in separate light meters. Inthe first Nikon-branded camera was released, the Nikon I. Duncan was working in Tokyo when the Korean War began. This would cause some early problems in Germany as Zeiss complained that Nikon violated its trademarked camera.
From to the Nikon F in particular was therefore labeled ' Nikkor '. Nikkor is the Nikon brand name for its lenses. Another early brand used on microscopes was Joico,  an abbreviation of "Japan Optical Industries Co"[ citation needed ]. Expeed is the brand Nikon uses for its image processors since However, the company quickly ceased developing its rangefinder line to focus its efforts on the Nikon F single-lens reflex line of cameras, which was successful  upon its introduction in For nearly 30 years, Nikon's F-series SLRs were the most widely used small-format cameras among professional photographers[ citation needed ], as well as by the U.
Nikon popularized many features in professional SLR photography[ citation needed ], such as the modular camera system with interchangeable lenses, viewfinders, motor drives, and data backs; integrated light metering and lens indexing; electronic strobe flashguns instead of expendable flashbulbs; electronic shutter control; evaluative multi-zone "matrix" metering; and built-in motorized film advance.
However, as auto focus SLRs became available from Minolta and others in the mids, Nikon's line of manual-focus cameras began to seem out of date[ citation needed ]. Despite introducing one of the first autofocus models, the slow and bulky F3AF, the company's determination to maintain lens compatibility with its F-mount prevented rapid advances in autofocus technology.
The much faster lens performance permitted by Canon's electronic focusing and aperture control prompted many professional photographers especially in sports and news to switch to the Canon system through the s. The company also has a Coolpix line which grew as consumer digital photography became increasingly prevalent through the early s.
Then, management changes at Nikon led to new camera designs such as the full-frame Nikon D3 in latethe Nikon D a few months later, and mid-range SLRs.