Dating roman fibula brooch

Roman Brooch | eBay

dating roman fibula brooch

Stunning 2nd C Roman enameled Trumpet headed fibular brooch - Hattatt Page Fig , . Brooches of this type date from about AD 75 to AD Explore Analiese Westernmost's board "Fibulae" on Pinterest. Disk Brooch Date: Geography: Made in Probably Gaul Culture: Roman Medium: Copper alloy, . Dates used are a guide, obviously there were early examples and Brooches are the most common Roman metal finds after coins, so it is.

There is no catchplate but the reverse side of one of the knops has two damaged lugs for the missing hinged pin. The weight of the brooch is 4. The colour of the brooch is light brown. No exact parallel could be found, however similar examples can be seen in Hattatt visual catalogue page figure Roman bronze winged Phallus pendant The emblem of the XIX th legion is unknown, but probably was the Capricorn as other legions levied by Augustus.

The first assignment was in Sicily where Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, was still rebelling.

dating roman fibula brooch

This revolt put Rome's grain supply in peril and it needed a harsh response. In 30 BC, veterans of the XIX legion were settled near Pisa, and after that, the rest of the legion was allocated in the Rhine frontier with base camp at Cologne. He reported a major revolt of one of the western tribes and suggested the return of both governor and his legions to the Rhine. Between 16 and 18, Germanicus, the leader of the Rhine armies, looked for the remains of the legions.

dating roman fibula brooch

They date from the late first century to the mid-second century. It was a common type on the continent throughout the Roman period.

Record ID: NARC-D28AB7 - ROMAN brooch

This type is easily identified by the high bow and the long straight tail and seems to have been worn as a symbol of rank in the Roman army and civil service.

The Head-Stud Brooch This brooch appeared in the late first century and lasted until the end of the second century A. It is a stout-looking brooch and there is usually a strip of ornament along the top of the bow. The bow is almost semi-circular and the foot is moulded into a knob.

dating roman fibula brooch

At the head is a stud — often enameled. Sometimes there is a head loop — through which a chain could have been tied. It developed in the military area of the province in the late first century A. Pins Pins have been found in large numbers on Romano-British sites and the implication is that they were used very widely.

dating roman fibula brooch

From Cirencester we have many examples of bronze and bone pins. Elsewhere there are fine pins of jet and silver and some with pearl heads, e. Certossa fibulae are almost always very small. In the La Tene I, or La Tene A to B2, era 4th to 3rd centuries BCfibula design became relatively standardised over a large geographic area, although minor stylistic variations and differences in decoration remained.

Fibula (brooch)

The La Tene I fibula usually had a narrow bow. The spring that could be either unilateral or bilateral, was wound in a fairly large diameter circle. The foot was turned up and usually ended in a decorated knob or with an applied bead or stone.

In some cases the raised foot was bent back towards the bow, although it did not touch the bow.

Roman Zoomorphic Rabbit Brooches Fibulae

The Thraco-Getic fibula is a variant found in the eastern Balkans and used by the Getae. The fibula's foot is vertical and ends in a small knob, though later models had a sinuous, s-shaped profile. La Tene era fibulae.

These included birds and horses and could either be flat, with a short bilateral spring on the back, or three-dimensional "in the round" with a long bilateral spring at the head.

Many La Tene II fibulae had long bilateral springs. It is important to be aware that this type of construction was in use several centuries later in the tied-foot and returned-foot types of fibulae.

These latter types are sometimes known as pseudo-La Tene fibulae. In the La Tene III, or La Tene D era 1st century BCthe raised foot was no longer wrapped around the bow but was attached directly to it by casting or welding creating a loop above the foot.

In one variant, the Nauheim type, the bow widened into a flat triangle or diamond. In another variant, the Schussel type, the ribbon-like bow widened at the head into a rounded arrowhead shape that covered the spring. The 1st century AD[ edit ] Legionnaire's fibulae.

Early Roman era bow fibulae. The spread of technologically advanced workshops in the Roman Empire led to more complex fibula designs. Bows were cast in more complex forms, hinges appeared alongside bilateral springs and a wide variety of plate designs were introduced. The Straight Wire fibula, also known as the Soldier's type or Legionnaire 's type, is a very plain design. It resembles the violin bow fibula of over one thousand years earlier except that the bow has slightly more of an arch and the spring in short bilateral not unilateral.

The Straight Wire fibula is found through the 1st century AD.

Identifying Romano British brooches - a beginner’s guide - MDF Metal Detecting

In the 1st century AD, for the first time, several fibula designs originated in Roman Britain. Perhaps the most distinctive British fibula design was the Dolphin. This was actually a series of designs including the Polden Hill type, the Langton Down type, the Colchester type and the T-Shaped type. Dolphin fibulae have a smooth arched bow that tapers from the head to end in a long point.

dating roman fibula brooch

The long bilateral spring is covered. From the top the Dolphin fibula looks like a T or the late-Roman crossbow fibula. From the side it resembles a leaping dolphin.

MDF Metal Detecting

Roman era plate fibulae. Usually quite small, Hod Hill fibulae have a shallow arched bow that appears to be made up of lumpy segments.

Many Hod Hill fibulae have a pair of small side lugs. The Fantail fibula, which have a short bow that flares into a flat, wide fan-shaped foot, were common in Britain and on the European continent.