Dating la pita pottery new caledonia

dating la pita pottery new caledonia

Recently, two partly complete Lapita pots have been discovered on the shore at this .. The dates available from the other Lapita sites from New Caledonia all. Main · Videos; Dating la pita pottery new caledonia. Philosophically was a ingrain whoever lounged lounged mr. That's when you flaw to flaw whosoever the. The earliest Lapita sites are in the Bismark Archipelago and are dated at 3, years BP. Lapita pottery is commonly found in coastal locations on the Islands of New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomons, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa and Tonga.

The obvious evidence of 35 years of erosion, along with the presence of large pottery sherds, earth oven stones and non-ceramic artefacts, indicates clearly that part of the site has been destroyed, some of it quite recently, without any archaeological study.

The remainder of the archaeological material from level C, found in the main pit, is eroded. Included in this material are 18 eroded body sherds, three sherds with evidence of dentate-stamping also erodedone paddle-impressed sherd, one flake of jasper and some burned stones. Most of the shells from this level were eroded as well. The archaeological material at the base of level A and the upper part of level B is different.

These units contained the highest concentrations of non-eroded shells, mostly bivalves. Sherds, two flakes of jasper, and oven stones were also present. The sherds can be divided in two groups, eroded and non-eroded. Some bear calcareous concretions on their surface. Their numbers are greater at the base of level B. These sherds seem clearly to be in a redepositional context.

The non-eroded sherds form a more homogeneous group, some being part of the same vessels and joining together. The sherds are thin and tempered with fine lithic material. No coral temper has been observed in this assemblage. Interestingly, one pot was decorated with impressions of a cardium shell and a handle was found in the main trench.

These data suggest that a part of the Lapita site in - 24 this locality, present at the base of level C, was destroyed during prehistory and that some of the eroded material was laid down again during the formation of the sand lenses of level C and level B.

Two radiocarbon determinations were obtained from level B. The upper part of level B and the base of level A are of a different nature from level C. Although no structure was found during the excavations, it appears that level B is the remains of an occupation level near the beach front which was covered at an unknown date by a thick layer of black clay level Aprobably from a marsh or mangrove swamp. These data indicate the advent of major natural disturbances in the bay, probably as a result of climatic events.

Lapita culture

This may also have formed part of the upper level of soil present in the neighbouring locality WKOA. Discussion The presentation of the archaeological information obtained from localities WKOA and WKOB of the site of Lapita has shown the presence of a rich, and in some parts well preserved, layer related to the first Oceanic Austronesian settlement of New Caledonia.

The amount of decorated and undecorated pottery, sometimes impressively well preserved, points to the presence of a major production centre of Lapita ware on the west coast of the Grande Terre.

In contrast to what appears further east in the Pacific Nunnit seems difficult to identify a clear higher Holocene sea level stand at this site around B.

dating la pita pottery new caledonia

The date of B. The suite of dates obtained from the different site locations at Lapita presented in this paper are important in elucidating the chronology of Lapita wares in the Grande Terre. From the date obtained from the base of the test pit Section 11 K22, it appears that the site was not occupied at around B. Apart from one early radiocarbon date which overlaps at two standard deviations with other early determinations, the dated charcoal extracted from undisturbed archaeological deposits all falls within a very narrow time frame, - 25 between around B.

Dating the time at which Lapita pottery goes out of use at this site is partly possible by examining the two dates obtained from the secure archaeological context of level B of site WKOB. These dates indicate that before the middle of the first millennium B.

Instead, there had been an evolution of the ceramic ware with the development of shell-impressed decorated pottery and of the paddle-impressed wares Podtanean.

Although work on the ceramic material is still in progress, the final restoration by Australian Museum conservators of the whole vessel remains discovered in the pottery pit has already shown the existence of large dentate-stamped Lapita pots at this site, with a diameter sometimes over 55 cm Sand b. The variety of size, form, decoration and mineralogical inclusions show a high degree of diversity within the overall ceramic assemblage.

The important amount of well preserved sherds found, probably one of the most extensive excavated to date in the Pacific, makes it possible to conduct a representative study of the decorative characteristics of the local Lapita motif inventory.

The preliminary comparisons Sand c: One of these is clearly the presence of stylised faces on carinated pots Fig. Reconstruction of a carinated pot decorated with stylised faces, found in the pit of locality WKOA in October drawing by K.

It is possible that part of the wares produced were intended for regional trading. The large amount of non-ceramic material is indicative of the use of the bay of Lapita as a permanent habitation area for some centuries. The presence of several small obsidian flakes at the site, probably of Talasea origin, has been interpreted as indicative of the very first voyages of colonisation of the Remote Pacific Sand c: Hardly compelling evidence of a connection between the two cultures.

Other Polynesian artefacts absent in the Lapita culture are the; slingshot, tanged adze, fishhook pendant, phallic and vagina shaped pestles, catamaran, taniwha and bottle gourd. The list of differences goes on. The big man or richest, most charismatic man was head of the village in Melanesia, wheras Polynesian society was based around a hereditary lineage of chiefs.

Lapita used shells for money, whereas Polynesians used woven mats for payment - similar to the Kwakuitl who used rugs for payment. Similarity in stoneworking technique and design of these grinders from coastal Canada Haida Gwai'i and Eastern Polynesia. Maldive money cowries - ancient currency of the sea traders, including the Lapita people.

Photo; Thor Heyerdahl; Maldive Mystery. Compare this with NW coast and Polynesian practice of the use of rugs and mats for currency. Preparations for a Tongan Polynesian wedding ceremony, showing the pile of mats being gifted. The custom of using mats or rugs for currency is shared with the Haida, Kwakuitl and Tlingit of Canada and Alaska, but not with Lapita people who used cowrie shells for currency - as did the Harappa, Maldive and Tamil Nadu cultures.

Money cowries suspected to come from the Maldives have even been found at the Isle Royale Copper mine in Michigan, suggesting that the Lapita people may have been a branch of a much larger global sea trade culture who used money cowries for currency - not rugs. Note in the above picture, the presence of Melanesian genes frizzy hair in Polynesian Tonga, due to cultural contact with Fiji during the last 1, years. Interestingly, Whiti - the Polynesian pronounciation of Fiji, means crossover, or changeover.

During the last 1, years this boundary has clearly become blurred. On many occasions there have been articles that have pointed out that Polynesians are genetically and physically different to Lapita people, yet this information continues to be ignored.

  • Lapita culture

The following diagram based on a cluster analysis of mandibular shapes highlighting the complete absence of a connection between Polynesian and Lapita people. Van Dijk says;"Polynesians actually show more differences than similarities, and it is these differences we should concentrate on.

dating la pita pottery new caledonia

It appears fairly clear that the Lapita people were quite phenotypically distinct PietrusewskyKatayama from what we idientify as Polynesian today.

The wide jaw and slender long limb bones are characteristics of the ft tall, red haired Caucasians whose skeletons have been found in the Nevada desert, South America and caves in New Zealand.

Lapita culture |

The Easter Islanders and some families from Sardinia and Sicily also exhibit the distinctive features of the ancient red haired seafarers. It should be pointed out that the wide low jaw is found in some Polynesian people, but it is always associated with the most Caucasian looking individuals.

The characteristic 9 based pair deletion of Polynesians is unlikely to be found amongst the following individuals. Is Lapita Polynesian, Melanesian or Many articles written on Pacific culture have assumed without question that the Lapita pottery people were Polynesians, resulting in a circular argument asserting that archaeological relics of the Lapita pottery culture in the Western Pacifc was clear evidence that Polynesians passed through island Melanesia into the Central Pacific.

dating la pita pottery new caledonia

To come to this conclusion, one must ignore the fact that; Polynesians never made pottery, never used shell money and they never buried their dead in urns - three key characteristics of the lapita culture. The Lapita culture was most certainly part of the Western Pacific story, and relics of this society can still be found there, where Lapita style pottery and shell money were still used in Melanesia until recent times.

The archaeological record shows that there is no doubt that Lapita people co-habited with the Melanesians, not only in the archaeological tool kit of both cultures, but studies of a Lapita skeleton named 'Mana Man' found in Moturiki, Fiji shows that his skeleton is distinctly Melanesian.

Mana Man is estimated to have been buried between B.

dating la pita pottery new caledonia

These designs represent turtles and go hand in hand with a creation myth whereby they believe a turtle became the first island for man and woman. This myth parallels many Native American myths that also assert that the turtle created the first land for man and woman. Melanesian type skulls found in Panama as well as the distinctly African looking Olmec heads of the Yucatan, suggests that people similar in appearance to Melanesians may have arrived from America with the turtle creation myth during Olmec sea tradeyears ago.

Another possibility is that this myth may also have arrived when Malaria - Plasmodium vivax arrived in Melanesia 10, years ago. This is also the time of the most rapid rises in sealevel at the end of the last Ice Age, which caused a massive dislocation of coastal populations globally. As flooding and the loss of land is the basis of the turtle myth, this is the most logical scenario.

The other possibility is that Native American red heads arrived in Island Melanesia with the turtle creation myth. In fact the answer may be; "all of the above". Ancestral figures who were tall with pale skin and red hair are often mentioned in Native American as well as Pacific legends.

One Kiribati legend describes eels Serpents? Another legend Bue the Ancestor describes one of these red men copulating with a woman who was bathing in the shallows at sunrise. The legend describes the "Sun" entering her loins, suggesting a child of the sun was born to her. When this child grew up, he set sail to the East America to look for his ancestors.

As Maori, Marquesan and Rapa Nui legends all speak of some of their ancestors arriving from the East - not from Melanesia. I find it difficult to connect these ancient Caucasian features with the Lapita people.

Another common name given to these people are the Berbers. In Africa today descendants of these people call themselves the Amazigh or 'Free Men' their language is Tamazight.

The common prefix T, denoting 'language', is no coincidence. These people are part of the Hokan language group of America, all of which are believed to be descendants of the Berbers. The Urekehu - or red heads amongst the Maori are believed to have come from a hot dry land to the East. In fact the people of Lake Titicaca are called the Uros who live on floating reed beds in the lake. Right through America variations of this Ur name is widespread. All these people are river trading people, skilled in the use of boats.

This once again confirms that Polynesians could not have lived in Melanesia and therefore could not have been the Lapita people whose archaeological remains show a clear association with Melanesians for over 1, years. Johnathon Friedlaender makes it quite clear that Polynesians developed in isolation from the Melanesians.

This skull hints at the amount of cross cultural interaction between these people - she has a classic Polynesian rocker jaw! Geneticist Lisa Matissoo-Smith successfully extracted DNA from the teeth of the Teouma skeletons, found in Lapita burial urns, some of which were sitting in the lotus position. She found that they did not contain any Polynesian or East Asian genes. To date she has not yet determined whether the DNA is Melanesian or from a forgotten civilization of Caucasian seafarers.

Lisa Matissoo-Smith in her interview on TV NZ Tagata Pasifika Lapita special 3 said; "We were able to look to see whether the individual possessed a particular mutation that we see at a very high frequency in Polynesians. This has not happened, she has been advised to pass the study on to a laboratory in America Similar results to hers were ignored from a different team of geneticists in The reason for also quietly sweeping this information under the carpet remains to be seen. Further back in time - inanother geneticist Susan Serjeantson brought to the attention of scientists the differences between Eastern Polynesians and the people of the Western Pacific.

Once again this information was quietly ignored; S. The following genes set them apart: These antigens are sporadic in Western Polynesia and are essentially absent from the populations of Eastern Polynesia. Unfortunately geneticists found that these people separated from the main Polynesian population of Eastern Polynesia less than 1, years ago. This was in complete agreement to the legends of these people which stated that their arrival was from Eastern Polynesia about 1, years ago.

Some legends described escape from war and family squabbles, others described storm drift survival voyages Peter Buck - Vikings of the Sunrise. It was not just Polynesians who migrated westward. Ceramics were not manufactured by Polynesian societies at any time in East Polynesian prehistory. The date of BC 3, years agocomes from a single hearth feature associated with Lapita materials.

The Elouae site contained obsidian both from the Admiralties km to the east, and Talasea km to the south. Requiring a significant sea voyage.