The Classic Period of American Toolmaking
Nov 21, It is faintly marked with the patent date, was rated Good+ for condition and valued at . The Gage Tool Co. block plane is exceptionally rare, and sought after The F. Nicholson “Living in Wrentham”, molding plane has Dutch 10¼ C Rabbet Plane has a corrugated sole and lateral adjustment. Feb 14, We can find the long shallow gouges of the jack plane on most drawer bottoms and back panels of the 18th and early 19th centuries. Fingertips. Oct 18, The form is similar to the Dutch terp planes and made of horn. A smoothing plane carved in the gothic style dating from made from beech. painting Noah building the Ark (16th century) showing Italian type planes on.
They don't have the carved details of the later Dutch planes.
Compare this to a typical early English plane, this one from John Partridge There are a lot of similarities. The chamfers, the gouge cuts terminating the chamfers, the down sloping shoulder.
The Dutch complex moulding planes never used a spring angle, and the earliest English ones didn't either.What Hand Plane Should I chose for Woodworking Use Stanley Bailey Handplane Numbers
Differences between the two are the shape of the escapement and the shape of the wedge. Interesting is also that the carved Skokloster moulding planes haven't reached their later uniform shape quite yet either. The hollowed out grip is also used in planes of the Roman empire.
The try plane on the left has the grip behind the iron, providing a push momentum, while the smoothing plane on the right has the hollowed grip in front, giving it a pull momentum. Another image of this type of plane is found at a mosaic in the San Marco Basilica in Venice, Italy dating from the 13th century, however the mosaic shows less detail. It is made of beech and has an iron crossbar to secure the beech edge.
It is 33 cm long, 7. An old iron, 5 cm wide, was used for the plane. The photos below show our medieval plane from different sides, as well as underneath.
The shaving characteristics of the plane are very good: Recently I discovered from the 'Ancient, medieval, renaissance and Colonial Furniture and Woodenware' Facebook group two paintings dating from the 16th century. These were made by the Italian painter Jacopo da Ponte also known as Jacopa Bassano and show in detail the use of exactly the same type of Italian planes. Another painting 'Noah's sacrifice' by Jacopo da Ponte.
This detail shows many woodworking tools, including several Italian type planes.
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Medieval Italian plane type with side handles There are more typical Italian medieval plane types. One of them is a plane with handles on both sides of the plane, or with two cross-bars on both sides of the plane. These planes were used either for smoothing or for roughing out and could be worked by two man, one pushing and the other pulling.
This medieval plane is shown in the basket of the fresco 'Building of the ark' by Pietro di Puccio in Campo Santo in Pisa. An engraving of the same fresco show a clearer view.
Some Dutch planes
The fresco of Campo Santo, Pisa showing a workman using a large try plane with two handles on a workbench. In the basket below two other planes can be seen among other tools.
The fresco has been severely damaged during the second world war. Greber, Die geschichte des hobels The engraving showing the basket with clockwise a hammer, a mallet, a blockplane, a broad axe, a boring tool, a square and the sole of a plane with two side handles. This intarsia from Agustino de Marchi dating from shows several medieval Italian plane types, as well as a workbench with a holdfast, a frame saw and tool chest.
The plane on top of the chest has two side handles, while the plane hanging left of the frame saw has two cross bars and is shown underneath.
Other planes are a small try plane on top of the workbench, on the right of the frame saw is a rabbet plane with a hollowed handle, on top two other planes with hollowed handles are shown: From some planes the place of the crossbar holding the wedge can be seen.
Also Leonardo da Vinci has depicted the plane with side handles in one of his inventions a design of a planer-thicknesser. The plane with side handles was also been popular in France at later centuries.
At the moment we do not have this plane type in our tool chest, but it is our intention to make such a plane in the near future. Here the plane is shown from a different angle. Greber, Die geschichte des hobels The design of Leonardo da Vinci of a planer-thicknesser showing a plane with two side-handles at the top, and at the bottom of his drawing.
It was packed in its original cardboard box in only poor to fair condition with most of a good label, noting some split seams in the lid that have been taped. It was valued at [,].
Brown’s 49th International Antique Tool Auction | Early American Industries Association
Only one of the beading cutter from a full set of six cutters with molding profiles cut on both ends was included in this lot. The Gage Tool Co. Stanley continued making Gage planes until This important which is shown in Roger K. It is very difficult to estimate the real value of an early Bridges, Gage and Co. This rare Stanley No.
Three different upper body castings have been identified, suggesting there were three or more small production runs. An exploded isometric of the No. Foss Patent Smooth Plane Lot The Rosewood tote and knob on this plane is an anomaly. The tote has been skillfully re-glued.
Francis Nicholson Molding Plane Lot Hammacher Schlemmer Workbench Lot Trump Brothers Fleetwood No. This example is lacking the two adjustable guides or fences—which would be almost impossible to find but serviceable fences could be made.
It has one small screw missing from the level vial cover, but otherwise the finish is in better condition than the example pictured. It was rated only Good for condition, was valued at . Blunt Ebony Octant Lot The Ebony octant in a Mahogany case made by E. Blunt, working in New York from throughhas three filters, and an ivory scale with veneer graduations for correctly reading important dimensions and was rated Fine for condition.