Dates and Sources | Antony & Cleopatra | Royal Shakespeare Company
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Due to the lack of ordained ministers within Methodism, the Love Feast took on a life of its own, as there were very few opportunities to take Holy Communion.
As such, the Primitive Methodists celebrated the Love Feast, before it lessened in the nineteenth century as the revival cooled. Practice by denomination[ edit ] Oriental Orthodox[ edit ] At least some of the Oriental Orthodox churches continue the tradition of this meal, including the Saint Thomas Christians of India. The Brethren combine the Agape meal often consisting of lamb or beef and a bowl of soup with a service of feetwashing before the meal and communion afterward.
The term "Lovefeast" in this case generally refers to all three ordinances, not just the meal.
Origin of the Eucharist
Influenced by German Pietists during the early 18th century, the Lovefeast was instituted among Brethren before Moravians adopted the practice. Moravian[ edit ] Moravian dieners serve bread to fellow members of their congregation during the celebration of the lovefeast.
The Lovefeast of the Moravian Church is based on the Agape feast and the meals of the early churches described in the Bible in the Acts of the Apostleswhich were partaken in unity and love. Traditionally for European, Canadian, and American Lovefeasts, a sweetened bun and coffee sweetened milky tea in Germany, the Netherlands and England is served to the congregation in the pews by dieners from the German for servers ; before partaking, a simple table grace is said.
The foods and drinks consumed from congregation may vary tremendously at the Lovefeast and are usually adapted from what the congregations have available. Services in some Colonial-era Lovefeasts, for example, used plain bread and water; some in Salem were known to have served beer.
The Moravian Lovefeast also concentrates on the singing of hymns and listening to music which may come from the organ or choir. The songs and hymns chosen usually describe love and harmony. The congregation can talk quietly with their fellow brothers and sisters in Christ about their spiritual walk with God.
Christmas Eve Lovefeasts can become particularly spectacular in the congregation's choice of music and instrumentation. Many churches have trombone choirs or church bands play before a Lovefeast as a call to service. Several years later, circa 54, Paul reminded them of this in 1 Corinthians.
Agape feast - Wikipedia
The term " Agape " or "Love-feast" appears in the Jude Scholars of the Jesus Seminar generally regard the gospel accounts of the Last Supper as cult legend, that is, a story that accounts for some ritual practice in the Jesus movement.
At first, they spread through word of mouth, but within a generation Christians had begun writing about Jesus and about Christian practice, the Eucharist included.
- Agape feast
- Our cup overflows with stories of the Holy Grail
The theology of the Eucharist and its role as a sacrament developed during this period. Noakes deduces the following liturgical structure was in use at that time: Scripture Readings and Homily. Bread and Cup are brought to the Celebrant.
This corresponds in general outline to the structure of the rite as used today and is the earliest known example.
Dates, sources and historical context
The theology is as follows: For there is one flesh of our Lord Jesus Christ, and one cup unto union with His blood. There is one altar, as there is one bishop, together with the presbytery and deacons, my fellow-servants; that whatsoever you do, you may do according unto God" Letter to the Philadelphians,4. The dating of the Didache is contentious, dates from the middle of the first century to the early third century have been suggested,  but it may well be from the same period as 1 Clement and Ignatius.
It states that the unbaptized left the assembly before the Eucharist proper began "Let none eat or drink of your Eucharist but such as have been baptized into the name of the Lord, for of a truth the Lord hath said concerning this, Give not that which is holy unto dogs.
Origin of the Eucharist - Wikipedia
According to the overwhelming consensus among scholars, the section beginning at In his debate with gnostics who favoured an immaterial religion, the former affirms: However, the editors of The Study of Liturgy conclude that "it is clearly safe It is clear from the New Testament evidence that some primitive Christian ceremonies involved a full meal and the word "agape" love-feast is used.
At some point these died out possibly as a result of increasing numbers  and possibly due to abuses. Writing shortly after Justin, Tertullian describes "love feasts".
Augustine of Hippo also objected to the continuance in his native North Africa of the custom of such meals, in which some indulged to the point of drunkenness, and he distinguished them from proper celebration of the Eucharist: Anaphora liturgy The Didache gives in chapter 9 prayers for use in celebrating what it calls the Eucharist, involving a cup and broken bread, and in chapter 10 another prayer for use "after you are filled".
Scholars disagree on whether these texts concern a Eucharist in the proper sense. The liturgy describes thanksgivings before the Anaphora. The consecration of the Eucharistic species is done with the words of 1 Cor.
Contemporary scholars and evolution of the Eucharist[ edit ] The gap of some twenty years between the date of the Last Supper and the writing of I Corinthians and the even longer period before the Gospels were written have led to doubts as to their historical reliability and the suggestion that they reflect the concerns and situation of the early Christians at the time of writing rather than reporting objectively events which occurred decades before.
The underlying debate is over the relative contributions of Paul and Jesus and the possible intervention of other factors.