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to date specific forms of clay smoking pipes to particular centuries within the Archaeological sites where clay tobacco pipes were recovered. Site Number Province . coastal plain of the Red Sea towards the western foothills of the Hejaz. cheap and smell speed-dating-veranstaltungen guildford terrific please red clay pipes dating note that most of the information hookup-sites. Clay tobacco pipe, dating to the mid 17th century, c (Ayto , p.8). This is worn and chipped in places, so difficult to decipher but appears to be stamped The clay is a red tawny brown colour, and the inside of the bow.

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It is not known for certain whether these early smoking instruments were made of clay, but by the s, there is specific reference to the use of clay pipes fashioned for tobacco smoking Oswald By the early part of the 17th century, the clay tobacco pipe industry began to develop in many local centres throughout Britain and in many parts of the Netherlands.

Most of these locally-made clay pipes had a limited distribution within their area of manufacture but in the cases of port towns and overseas trading centres, some clay pipes were shipped to the North American colonies. These early pipes typically had a short stem with a large bore diameter and a small "acorn" shaped, rouletted bowl that angled away from the smoker.

As the tobacco pipe evolved throughout the 17th century, its stem became longer, its bore size progressively smaller and its bowl larger.

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By the early 18th century, it developed into a larger straight-sided form with no rouletting around the rim and the bowl perpendicular to the stem. Makers' marks found on pipes from both the 17th and 18th centuries fall into two main categories, relief and incuse.

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Relief marks form a raised mark on the pipe and were either stamped with a die or incorporated into the pipe mould. Incuse marks form a negative impression on the pipe and were stamped with a die or applied by a similar device across which the stem was rolled.

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One exception is the Chesapeake pipe bearing the initials DK, in which the pipemaker used a hand-held tool to produce the rouletted initials and other decorative designs. Planter House before ". Identification of makers' marks There are many varieties of marked pipes uncovered during the excavation of 17th and 18th-century historic sites.

17th and 18th Century Marked Clay Tobacco Pipes From Ferryland, NL

Therefore, the most important step in identifying a makers' mark is to first look at the pipe fragment from which it came. By studying the shape, size and characteristics of the pipe bowl it is possible to determine a date range for that particular fragment, and perhaps its regional origin. If this can be established, then the next task is to examine existing documentation for listings of pipemakers and collections of marked pipes which have already been identified.

In those cases when all you have to go by is a small marked pipe fragment, there are several criteria that can help establish a relative date range and then, hopefully, a positive maker identification.

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