Cutting (for Teens)
She was cutting herself with a razor when she felt sad or upset. Injuring yourself People who cut often start cutting in their young teens. Some continue to . Lyness, PhD. Date reviewed: July Visit the Nemours Web site. KidsHealth . Dating sites for cutters. · Jan dating sites for cutters Add a little extra cash with this additional revenue opportunity, while your users feel the. Current research places the number of self-injurers at about 4 percent of the general population, and as many as 10 percent of American teenage girls. Cutting is.
Waterjet[ edit ] While using high-pressure water for erosion dates back as far as the mids with hydraulic miningit was not until the s that narrow jets of water started to appear as an industrial cutting device.
Inthe Paper Patents Company in Wisconsin developed a paper metering, cutting, and reeling machine that used a diagonally moving waterjet nozzle to cut a horizontally moving sheet of continuous paper. Waterjet technology evolved in the post-war era as researchers around the world searched for new methods of efficient cutting systems. InCarl Johnson of Durox International in Luxembourg developed a method for cutting plastic shapes using a thin stream high-pressure waterjet, but those materials, like paper, were soft materials.
Used as a honeycomb laminate on the Mach 3 North American XB Valkyriethis cutting method resulted in delaminating at high speed, requiring changes to the manufacturing process. Walker in the mids expanded on traditional coal waterjet cutting to determine ideal nozzle shape for high-pressure waterjet cutting of stone,  and Norman Franz in the late s focused on waterjet cutting of soft materials by dissolving long chain polymers in the water to improve the cohesiveness of the jet stream.
By the mids, steam locomotives were common and the first efficient steam-driven fire engine was operational. High-pressure systems were further shaped by the aviation, automotive, and oil industries. Aircraft manufacturers such as Boeing developed seals for hydraulically boosted control systems in the s,  while automotive designers followed similar research for hydraulic suspension systems. The invention of Marlex by Robert Banks and John Paul Hogan of the Phillips Petroleum company required a catalyst to be injected into the polyethylene.
This began in when the idea of adding an abrasive to the water stream was developed by Elmo Smith for the liquid abrasive blasting. Mohamed Hashish in the BHR proceedings showing, for the first time, that waterjets with relatively small amounts of abrasives are capable of cutting hard materials such as steel and concrete.
The March issue of the Mechanical Engineering magazine showed more details and materials cut with AWJ such as titanium, aluminum, glass, and stone. Mohamed Hashishwas awarded a patent on forming AWJ in Hashish, who also coined the new term Abrasive Waterjet AWJand his team continued to develop and improve the AWJ technology and its hardware for many applications which is now in over 50 industries worldwide. A most critical development was creating a durable mixing tube that could withstand the power of the high-pressure AWJ, and it was Boride Products now Kennametal development of their ROCTEC line of ceramic tungsten carbide composite tubes that significantly increased the operational life of the AWJ nozzle.
Working with Ingersoll-Rand Waterjet Systems, Michael Dixon implemented the first production practical means of cutting titanium sheets—an abrasive waterjet system very similar to those in widespread use today.
- Water jet cutter
- Dating sites for cutters
Waterjet control[ edit ] As waterjet cutting moved into traditional manufacturing shops, controlling the cutter reliably and accurately was essential.
The largest waterjet manufacturer, Flow International a spinoff of Flow Industriesrecognized the benefits of that system and licensed the OMAX software, with the result that the vast majority of waterjet cutting machines worldwide are simple to use, fast, and accurate.
Most machines accomplish this by first running the water through a high pressure pump. There are two types of pumps used to create this high pressure; an intensifier pump and a direct drive or crankshaft pump. A direct drive pump works much like a car engine, forcing water through high pressure tubing using plungers attached to a crankshaft.
An intensifier pump creates pressure by using hydraulic oil to move a piston forcing the water through a tiny hole. In the nozzle, the water is focused into a thin beam by a jewel orifice. Here abrasives such as garnet and aluminium oxideare fed into the nozzle via an abrasive inlet. When a student is bullied in school, the likelihood is that he or she will not have a solid group of friends with whom there can be an outlet for the pain inflicted. Many kids are embarrassed by being victims of bullying, and will not report it to a school administrator or their parents for fear of retaliation or the appearance of weakness.
Without any other positive source for expressing or coping with their trauma, many victims of bullying turn into self-hurting methods, cutting is the most common.
Expectations in school can lead to cutting disorder: When parents send their children to school, there is an expectation that a child will perform to his or her highest ability. Some parents put much more pressure on young people than others, but the general hope is that school-aged children will bring home good grades, maintain a healthy social life with friends, and be able to regulate the delicate balance between those two aspects.
Cutting and Self-Harm
These things come with age, time, and experience. School classes get harder while relationships with peers become more complicated.Social Media ‘Celebrity’ Denies Treating Self-Harm ‘Like A Competition’
Any number of things may happen to a perfectly well-balanced young person to throw the balance between school work and peer relationships out of sync. Whatever the case may be, when school performance suffers, tension at home will likely occur, and feelings of inadequacy or shame may develop as a result. If the tension at home is a result of another problem that a young person has not expressed, he or she will be dealing with mounting pressure, anxiety, and depression, thereby opening the door for behaviors like cutting.
The more a young person feels the pressure that he or she cannot express or process, the more likely it is for cutting to become the outlet for that pressure. Family life can lead to cutting: Contrary to students who have suffered from trauma or pain within their school environment, many have experienced extreme difficulty in their personal lives that result in low self-esteem, anger, anxiety, depression, and even self-loathing.
Whether it is sexual abuse, physical and emotional abuse, neglect, grief over the loss of a loved one, or dangerous environments riddled with addiction and dysfunction, young people tend to have a hard time processing and coping with sadness and pain.
When a young person experiences trauma in his or her life, and can find no other way out, or to express the internal pain, cutting often becomes a way to deal with life. Young people may feel angry because their parents never gave them the attention they needed, or they may struggle with constant pain from abuse within the family.
Teens Talk About Cutting
When overwhelming feelings of sadness, pain, grief, and anger are present in young people, one of two things usually happen: Some young people retreat within themselves.
As a result, they confide in fewer friends, socialize with fewer people, and do not actively seek the help they need to express their feelings.
Without any way to communicate their issues, cope with their lives, their isolation becomes more profound, making them increasingly dependent on cutting to relieve their pain.
Other young people, specifically those who are extroverted and naturally charismatic, will elevate their charisma and charm, and throw themselves into their persona at school. These students are often class officers, honor students, class clowns, top athletes in varsity sports, and involved with popular school clubs and groups. While they appear to their classmates, teachers, and administrators to be jovial and without problems, they return to the solitude of their bedroom and cut themselves to release the pressure of maintaining the facade despite the deep emotional pain.
Contrary to some beliefs, a cutting disorder is not a suicide attempt, but rather a survival tactic, to release the pain and cope with life. Unfortunately, cutting not only creates tissue damage to the skin, but it does not make the pain go away.
Cord cutters increase to 32 percent in , pay TV declines
A cutting disorder is just a temporary escape, much like that of drugs, alcohol, and subjects of behavioral addictions. Relationships with peers in school can lead to cutting disorder: Dating in school is among the most tumultuous things young people do in their early lives. Like a roller coaster, the dating relationships for young people are riddled with complications from other friends, parents, and the balance between this and scholastic performance.
In addition to abusive relationships, which do rarely occur with young people, break-ups can be especially traumatic. Many adults can recall through personal experience or a friend, dating in school. A problematic break-up felt like the end of the world and was often accompanied by weeks of crying, anger, and sadness. Nothing about the devastation of some aspects of teenage dating has changed, and for some, this can genuinely have severe consequences, destroying self-esteem or launching a young person into intense anger.
For young people going through puberty, and without the experience and maturity to process their feelings, cutting is an escape from their emotional issues relating to, and resulting from dating that has been traumatic.
Women and Cutting Disorder Women tend to be caring, motherly, and can often find themselves in a position of managing to the needs of others rather than themselves. There is a very delicate balance between caring for loved ones and caring for oneself. While it is essential to care for others, when the needs of a woman come last, and she is in a position where she is subject to abuse, degradation, and extreme stress, the fallout can be massive.
This may be the result of past events like abuse or neglect as a child, but when women do not feel their sense of self-worth, they are most likely to remain silent about any abuses or injustices they endure in adulthood.
Like with young people who experience these traumas, women who become increasingly isolated may begin to cut themselves to cope with the deep emotional pain often rooted in their childhood. It is unlikely for grown women to start cutting themselves in adulthood. Instead, the more likely circumstance is that a woman who cuts herself did so as a girl, stopped for a period, and was triggered to resume the behavior.
Such triggers can be anything from abuse as an adult, to a vivid memory of a particularly traumatic event in her past. When a woman in a relationship is in a fragile state of mind, especially about her self-worth, her survival mechanism may be to cut herself off from her own needs and delve deeper into the life and needs of her significant other.
Without confronting the source of her pain, while taking on mounting pressure from centering her life around that of another person, the likelihood for a woman to engage in self-harming behavior is significantly increased, and if she cut herself in the past, she will likely resort to cutting again.
Men and Cutting Disorder Some men live by a stereotype of needing to be strong and stoic, showing no signs of pain and emotion. Although this stereotype is unrealistic and not what most people think a man should be, some still adhere to the rules governed by this ideal. Some men are at the other end of the spectrum, and very sensitive. The chances are that they would show their pain, anger, sorrow, and regret if they thought they would be accepted for it.
So, what happens when men like these feel pain?