British nationality law - Wikipedia
British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom which concerns citizenship and other . Until the early s there was little difference, if any, in UK law between the rights of CUKCs and other British act was often dependent on nationality status prior to 1 January , the date the act came into effect. rich history to enjoying pub culture or exploring Europe on your 28 days of paid . UK citizens also have full rights to voting in parliamentary and local elections, have lived in the UK for at least five years prior to your date of application, The UK permits dual citizenship (or dual nationality). . Follow us. Confusion about the legality of holding dual nationalities stems from the have maintained multiple nationalities and to date the government has never cracked down on any of them. “We had received different information about what is and isn't acceptable, and . “My oldest is now 30 and has dual Japan-U.S. nationality.
Having dual citizenship allows one to hold more than one passport, which has many different personal and travel benefits. Think of it this way: It allows you to travel outside the borders of the country where you reside. With multiple passports, you have greater access to more countries. There are financial advantages too, as some banks and financial institutions tend to be more willing to work with certain nationalities.
How can I tell If I am eligible for dual citizenship?
It is best to ask a consulate, lawyer or diplomatic adviser who can look into your unique circumstances. While our best efforts have gone into producing the information below, it is provided with no guarantees as to its accuracy, as the citizenship laws of different countries do change often. If you do spot an error or a broken link, please inform us using this form.
IO for a list of all countries that allow dual citizenship. Albania recognizes dual citizenship for both native-born and naturalized citizens. Albania allows the dual citizenship. The Albanian citizens freely can apply the acquiring of another citizenship without losing the Albanian one. Foreigners also are not hindered to apply for the Albanian citizenship, without renouncing that of the country they originate. However, there is no provision which specifically forbids dual citizenship if one were to become a citizen of a new country as the declaration comes into effect at the time of acquisition of Algerian nationality.
Loss of Algerian nationality applies to: The request may involve a time limit of no less than two weeks and no more than two months. The conditions for the acquisition or loss of Algerian nationality are regulated by the law that was in force at the time an act resulting in the acquisition or loss of the nationality was planned or occurred.
Citizens are recognized as exclusively Argentinian when in the country, and are required to enter and leave the country on their Argentine passport if they are staying in the country for more than 90 days.
Dual citizenship is accepted in Argentina. Dual nationals are only recognised as Argentine citizens within Argentine territory, and must enter Argentina using an Argentine passport, except when visiting for fewer than 90 days, in which case they must enter using their foreign passport. Citizenship is based primarily on the principle of jus sanguinis. Dual citizenship has recently been authorised. All male dual citizens regardless where they live are required to serve in the military as if they were Armenian resident citizen with certain exceptions.
Armenian citizenship does not end simply because your passport expires or Armenian citizen lived outside of Armenia for extended period of time.
Angolan citizens are permitted to hold dual or multiple citizenships. In Antigua, dual citizenship is permitted. A citizen shall not, solely on the ground that they are or become a citizen of another country, be deprived of citizenship, refused registration as a citizen; or required to renounce citizenship of the other country, by or under any law. The citizen shall not be refused a passport of Antigua or have such a passport withdrawn, cancelled, or impounded solely on the ground that the person is in possession of a passport issued by some other country of which they are a citizen or be required to surrender or be prohibited from acquiring a passport issued by some other country of which they are a citizen before being issued a passport of Antigua or as a condition of retaining such a passport.
People can become dual citizens automatically, or after being granted citizenship of another country. For example, an Australian citizen may automatically gain citizenship of another country through marriage, while a permanent resident of Australia may become a dual citizen by becoming an Australian citizen.
Prior to 4 AprilAustralian citizens who became citizens of another country lost their Australian citizenship automatically. Barbadian law allows their citizens to hold dual citizenship and encourages Barbadians living abroad to remain open to the benefits of holding such status. Citizens will not lose their passports when taking up another nationality, except if he commits a crime or incur a criminal fine within five years of becoming a citizen.
Bangladesh permits dual citizenship under limited circumstances. Citizens may apply for a dual Nationality Certificate. This certificate makes it legal to possess a Bangladeshi passport in addition to a foreign passport.
Those eligible for a Dual Nationality Certificate can apply for the certificate through a local consulate or embassy.
Belize permits dual citizenship. The Belize Constitution provides that a citizen of Belize by birth or descent who acquires the citizenship of any other country may, if the laws of the other country so permit and at his option, retain his citizenship of Belize. If you hold another nationality and obtain Belgian nationality, the Belgian authorities will not ask you to renounce your original nationality.
It is nevertheless advisable that you consult your national authorities to find out whether the acquisition of Belgian nationality would result in the loss of your original nationality, according to the legislation in force in your country.
British nationality law
Bolivia permits dual citizenship. The constitution provides that Bolivians who acquire a foreign citizenship do not lose their Bolivian nationality and those who acquire Bolivian nationality are not required to renounce their original nationality. Dual citizenship has been permitted in Brazil without restrictions since However, all Brazilian citizens must enter and leave Brazil on a Brazilian passport.
However, citizens are advised to use their Canadian passport to enter the country of their second citizenship, something which the other country may not allow. Canadians are allowed to take foreign citizenship while keeping their Canadian citizenship. If you are a permanent resident but not a Canadian citizen, ask the embassy of your country of citizenship about its rules before applying for Canadian citizenship.
Cape Verdean citizens are those who, by law or other international convention, are considered as such; The state could conclude treaties of dual citizenship. Cape Verdean citizens can acquire citizenship of another country without losing their citizenship of origin.
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Chile permits dual citizenship, Chilean citizenship is based primarily upon the principles of jus soli right of the soil and jus sanguinis right of blood.
Citizens who had once lost their citizenship may apply to have it reinstated. Colombian nationality law acknowledges that a Colombian by birth or by naturalization can also possess another nationality.
Colombians who acquired Colombian nationality by birth cannot be deprived of it under any circumstances, so acquiring another nationality does not in itself result in the loss of Colombian nationality. A person who renounced their Colombian nationality may recover it later.
Certain government positions are barred for those with dual citizenship. Costa Rica permits dual citizenship. The Republic of Cyprus accepts dual citizenship. This means that a foreign national may fill out the citizenship of Cyprus as a second citizenship without losing the previous one. The passport of the Republic of Cyprus is a good travel documents visa-free for a huge number of countriesand also gives the right to live and work in any European country.
Czech nationals will be permitted to have dual and multiple nationality. In line with the trend prevailing in the EU, the Czech Republic will no longer insist on single nationality. On 1 September a new Nationality Act concerning multiple nationality came into force. The new legislation allows a number of citizens to acquire or retain their Danish citizenship while also having or obtaining another citizenship.
Dominica does not require you to renounce your current citizenship. Besides that, Dominica does not notify authorities of your current country of residence or citizenship about your new citizenship. You in your turn have the right to renounce Dominica citizenship any time if your circumstances require. Dominicans can acquire foreign nationality.
The acquisition of another nationality does not entail the loss of Dominican nationality. The following citizens shall be considered original citizens of East Timor, even if they are born in a foreign country: Children of an East Timorese father or mother living overseas.
Children of an East Timorese father or mother serving the State outside the country. Those who had lost their citizenship due to naturalization abroad before dual citizenship was recognized in Ecuador may apply to have it reinstated. It states specifically that naturalisation abroad no longer causes loss of Ecuadorian nationality; loss of previous nationality is no longer a condition of naturalisation in Ecuador. The constitution also contains a provision allowing for resumption of nationality by those who lost it previously upon previous naturalisation abroad.
Under Egyptian law, acquiring another citizenship is acceptable, but requires that those who apply for another nationality inform appropriate Egyptian officials. However, holders of a dual-citizenship are exempt from military service and prohibited from enrolling in military and police academies or being elected to Parliament.
Spouses of citizens are allowed to apply for citizenship if they have lived in the country for at three of five years before their application. Fiji has permitted dual citizenship since April 10, Those born in Fiji acquire citizenship unless the parents have diplomatic immunity or neither parent is a Fiji citizen. Those married to a Fiji citizen may apply for citizenship once they have been lawfully present in. Fiji for at least 3 of the 5 years preceding the application.
Finnish citizen acquiring a foreign citizenship does not lose Finnish citizenship. There are changes to the law mean that foreigners seeking naturalisation as a Finnish citizen do not need to renounce their former citizenship.
They may retain it if the law of the other country permits them to do so. Dual citizenship was not permitted between andduring which time possession of more than one nationality affected French nationality. The denunciation took effect March 5, and dual nationality is now permitted. Those who lost their citizenship before dual nationality was recognized in the country may apply for a certificate of citizenship.
A citizen of Ghana may hold the citizenship of any other country in addition to his citizenship of Ghana. A citizen of Ghana who is also a citizen of any other country shall whilst in Ghana be subject to the laws of Ghana as any other citizen.
One may also work toward citizenship by first obtaining residency in Greece, but the government does not encourage this route. Greek citizenship is based primarily on the principle of jus sanguinis. Greece permits dual citizenship. Greek citizenship is primarily based on jus sanguinis. Greece is a member of the European Union, and thus, a Greek citizen may live, work, or travel freely to all other countries that are a part of the EU.
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Dual citizenship is recognized in Grenada. Grenadian law does not specify any prohibitions or requirements concerning dual citizenship for persons either emigrating to the island or seeking to obtain another citizenship.
Dual citizenship is permitted in Honduras. The following may possess dual citizenship: Child of Honduran citizens born abroad. Honduran who acquires foreign citizenship by marriage. Person granted citizenship by act of the National Congress.
Citizens of countries with which Honduras has dual nationality treaties. Hondurans seeking citizenship of countries with which Honduras has dual nationality treaty. Article 3 of the Nationality Law of the PRC states that dual nationality or citizenship is not recognised. These explanations declare how the Nationality Law is to be interpreted in Hong Kong. According to the explanationsa Hong Kong Chinese person may still be considered to be a Chinese citizen even after obtaining foreign citizenship.
I want my daughter to be able to choose either way when she is more settled into her adult life and has a much clearer idea of what she wants. Hiromichi Murakami is a father to two young sons with dual citizenship. He points out that Japanese who acquire or try to acquire additional citizenship as adults are a completely different matter from children born with two nationalities. In view of the current state of Japanese society, some people believe it is only a matter of time before the government relaxes its stance on dual citizenship.
Not the best time to push away potential taxpayers! For a country with one of the lowest birthrates in the world, it would seem prudent not to make any moves that might spark an exodus of young adults of working age.
Japanese father Takashi points that there is only so much control the government can exert. Founded inthe group aims to support those in international marriages and help create a society where everyone can thrive, regardless of nationality. He has Japanese and American citizenship but has settled in a third country and wishes to relinquish his American passport.
All of the forms and paperwork is done online but he also needs an interview. It denies the importance of the other culture and community of which they are a part. By Sakura Murakami Staff writer Although Japanese by lineage, Hideo Kimura is required to queue as a foreign traveler at passport control when returning home to Japan.
The article stipulates that those who naturalize to another country will automatically lose their Japanese citizenship. The plaintiffs claim that the practice violates Article 13 of the Constitution, which guarantees the right to pursue happiness, as well as other articles of the supreme law.
The lawsuit is believed to be the first such case filed with a court in Japan. Some of the plaintiffs recently spoke to The Japan Times about the pain they experienced from having their nationalities suddenly taken away without their consent.
For George Tsuneo Seo, who naturalized as a citizen of Liechtenstein and saw his Japanese citizenship revoked, the move was a shock to his system.
The plaintiffs have also struggled to come to terms with what they say is the unfair implementation of the Nationality Act.
Article 14 of the act obliges anyone not of legal age with dual Japanese citizenship to choose one of their nationalities by the age of But Kanada said she knew a number of acquaintances who were of mixed Japanese heritage who had not yet given up either of their nationalities even when they were well into adulthood.
In fact, the Justice Ministry has never warned any dual nationals to make a choice, effectively allowing many to maintain their dual nationalities. This disinterest from both the government — there has been little political momentum for revising the Nationality Act — and the general population has left the plaintiffs deeply frustrated.
More than anything, I was angry. I will always identify as Japanese. The following are comments offered to The Japan Times by those who responded to a survey on dual nationality and related follow-up questions. Their comments follow their sex when availabletheir current or past nationalities, age range and what he or she decided to do with the nationalities. I ended up worrying for nothing because when I went to the American consulate and Japanese city offices they both mentioned Nationality Law but neither did anything to enforce it.
I use both passports freely with little trouble. I felt like I betrayed my Japanese side of the family, when it was definitely not my intention. I also get self-conscious waiting in line for the Japanese passport-holder queue, as I am more Caucasian-looking than I am Japanese-looking. However, I do not remember ever being questioned by an attendant as I wait in line. In the Japanese embassy they actually told me to add a letter explaining that I was willing to give up the Mexican citizenship but it was not technically possible.
If they are worried about loyalty then maybe they could put restrictions on people in certain positions in the government or military, for instance. Children born overseas to parents on Crown Service are normally granted British citizenship otherwise than by descent, so their status is the same as it would have been had they been born in the UK. In exceptional cases, the Home Secretary may register a child of parents who are British by descent as a British citizen under discretionary provisions, for example if the child is stateless, or a second or subsequent generation born abroad into a British citizen family with strong links with the UK, or in 'compassionate circumstances'.
Transmission was from the father only, and only if the parents were married. See History of British nationality law. Children ineligible for British citizenship at birth[ edit ] See also: From 20 Julythe Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act provides that a person born outside the UK to a British mother may be entitled to register as a British citizen by descent if that person was born before 1 January Requirements for successful registration with form UKM are that the applicant be a child of a British mother born before and be of good character and attend a citizenship ceremony.
Alternatively, if already resident in the UK, these children may seek naturalisation as a British citizen, which gives transmissible British citizenship otherwise than by descent. British citizenship by adoption[ edit ] A child adopted by a British citizen acquires British citizenship automatically only if: In both cases, at least one adoptive parent must be a British citizen on the date of the adoption.
The requirements are different for persons adopted before In all other cases, an application for registration of the child as a British citizen must be made before the child is Usually this is granted provided the Secretary of State accepts the adoption is bona fide and the child would have been a British citizen if the natural child of the adopters. Usually the adoption must have taken place under the law of a 'designated country' most developed nations along with some others are 'designated' for this purpose and be recognised in the UK.
This is the standard method for children adopted by British citizens permanently resident overseas to acquire British citizenship.